Research of the Energy Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste in Cherkassy | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Research of the Energy Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste in Cherkassy

Author(s): Sigal O.1, Boulanger Q.2, Vorobiov L.1, Pavliuk N.1, Serhiienko R.1

Affilation(s):
1 Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of NAS of Ukraine, 2a, Zhelyabova St., Kyiv, 03057, Kyiv
2 JSC “BETEN International”, 79 la Bruyere Av., Vitry-Sur-Seine, 94 400, France

*Corresponding Author’s Address: liv298@ukr.net

Issue: Volume 5; Issue 1 (2018)

Dates:
Paper received: February 18, 2018
The final version of the paper received: March 22, 2018
Paper accepted online: March 25, 2018

Citation:
Sigal O. Research of the energy characteristics of municipal solid waste in Cherkassy / O. Sigal, Q. Boulanger, L. Vorobiov, N. Pavliuk N., R. Serhiienko // Journal of Engineering Sciences. – Sumy : Sumy State University, 2018. – Volume 5, Issue 1. – P. H16-H22.

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(1).h3

Research Area: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Environmental Protection

Abstract. The waste management system of Ukraine, is being reformed to bring it in line with European standards for the use of the material and energy potential of waste. Selection of the optimal system should be based on the statistical representativeness of the results of a detailed analysis of the morphology of the municipal waste of each locality in accordance with the socio-economic profile of individual zones of the city and the seasons of the year, as well as the energy and environmental characteristics of the waste. But there are no standards for determining of energy characteristics of municipal solid waste in the country. This paper shows results of characteristics research of municipal solid waste in Cherkassy city carried out in accordance with the new approaches. A methodology for determining the humidity, net calorific value and ash content of municipal solid waste is developed. The results of experimental studies of humidity, calorific value and ash content for 8 components of waste: paper, cardboard, composite materials, textiles, hygiene products, plastic, other combustible materials, wood shavings are presented. Humidity is also determined in organic residues and in fine fractions. The results of the research are used to develop an integrated waste management and recycling system in Cherkassy.

Keywords: morphological composition, secondary energy resource, municipal solid waste, methodology, calorific value, moisture, ash content.

References:

  1. What a Waste. A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. World Bank, 2012. Retrieved from https://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387-1334852610766/What_a_Waste2012_Final.pdf.
  2. Directive 2008/98/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives. Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0098&from=EN.
  3. Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On approval of the National Waste Management Strategy until 2030” (No. 820 from November 8, 2017). Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/820-2017-%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Sigal, O. I., Krikun, S. S., Pavliuk, N. Yu., Satin, I. V., Plashikhin, S. V., Kirzhner, D. A., Semeniuk, M. V., & Kamenkov, G. B. (2017). A research on the amount of heat produced during combustion of mixed municiapl solid waste in Kiev city. Industrial heat engineering, Vol. 39, No. 3, 78–84 [in Ukrainian].
  5. 2000/532/EU: Commission Decision of 3 May 2000 replacing Decision 94/3/EU establishinga list of wastes pursuant to
    Article 1(a) of Council Directive 75/442/EU on waste and Council Decision 94/904/EU establishinga list of hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council Directive 91/689/EU on hazardous waste. Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2000D0532:20020101:EN:PDF.
  6. Order of the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services dated February 16, 2010 No. 39 “On Approval of Methodological Recommendations for the Determination of the Morphological Composition of Solid Waste”. Retrieved from: http://document.ua/pro-zatverdzhennja-metodichnih-rekomendacii-z-viznachennja-m-doc17422.html [in Ukrainian].
  7. Pavliuk, N. Yu., & Sigal, O. I. (2015). Approaches to the problem of municipal solid waste in the world and in Ukraine. Industrial heat engineering, Vol. 37, No. 3, 74–81 [in Ukrainian].
  8. GOST 27314-91. Solid mineral fuel. Determination of moisture. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200024258 [in Russian].
  9. GOST 11022-95 (ISO 1171-97). Solid mineral fuels. Methods for determination of ash. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-11022-95 [in Russian].
  10. GOST 147-95 (ISO 1928-76). Solid mineral fuel. Determination of the highest combustion heat and calculation of the lowest combustion heat. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200024029 [in Russian].
  11. DSTU ISO 1928:2006 Solid mineral fuels. Determination of gross calorific value by the bomb calorimetric method, and calculation of net calorific value. Retrieved from: http://document.ua/paliva-tverdi-mineralni_-viznachennja-naivishoyi-teploti-zgo-nor15093.html [in Ukrainian].
  12. ISO 1928:2009. Solid mineral fuels. Determination of gross calorific value by the bomb calorimetric method and calculation of net calorific value. Retrieved from: https://www.iso.org/standard/41592.html.
  13. GOST 147:2013 (ISO 1928:2009, MOD). Determination of gross calorific value and calculation of net calorific value. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200107606 [in Russian].
  14. GOST 33108-2014 (EN 15400:2011 MOD). Solid recovered fuel. Determination of calorific value. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200120566 [in Russian].
  15. EN 15400:2011. Solid recovered fuels. Determination of calorific value. – Retrieved from: https://shop.bsigroup.com/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030205126.
  16. Vorobiov, L. I., Dekusha, L. V., Nazarenko, O. A., & Grishchenko, T. G. (2017). The practical application of quasidifferetial calorimetry method in the device for combustion heat measurement. Industrial heat engineering, Vol. 39, No. 1, 71–75 [in Russian].
  17. GOST 27313-95. Solid mineral fuel. Symbols of analytical results and formulae for calculation of analyses to different bases. Interstate Standard. Retrieved from http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200024257 [in Russian].

Full Text




Scientific journal "The Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).

Faculty of Technical Systems and Energy Efficient Technologies
Sumy State University