Quantification of Execution and Emission Efficiency of a Fueled Diesel Engine | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Quantification of Execution and Emission Efficiency of a Fueled Diesel Engine

Author(s): Nagendra S.1, Kumar B. S.1, Kiran A. V.2, Ramanjaneyalu C.1, Nagamani K.1

Affiliation(s): 
1 Annamacharya Institute of Technology and Science, 501512 Telangana, India;
2 Sri Venkateswara University, 517502 Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author’s Address: nags150612@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2020)

Dates:
Paper received: March 26, 2020
The final version of the paper received: June 3, 2020
Paper accepted online: June 17, 2020

Citation:
Nagendra S., Kumar B. S., Kiran A. V., Ramanjaneyalu C., Nagamani K. (2020). Quantification of execution and emission efficiency of a fueled diesel engine. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(1), pp. G15–G20, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).g3

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).g3

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Advanced Energy Efficient Technologies

Abstract. A significant portion of the automobile and industrial sector is mostly dependent on the running of diesel engines as it is efficient and shifts a large of the goods around the globe and power various equipment. Also, as the use of energy as diesel fuel is increasing enormously with the expansion of industrial growth, diversification, this led to the accelerating global emissions, global climatic change, health issues, and exhaustion of fuels. To succumb this, alternative fuel is needed to fight against the ill effects and as a replacement to diesel fuel. Thus, vegetable oils as alternative fuels are drawing more attention as they are renewable and do not address the problem of greenhouse gas. In the present work, the cottonseed oil was chosen as the favorite among the vegetable oils due to its advantages like less pollutant level, excessive availability, etc. The transesterification process was used to produce the cottonseed oil biodiesel. This research aims to investigate efficiency, emission characteristics by using smooth diesel, cottonseed oil, and mixtures with varying composition from 20 % to 80 % in 20 % steps to identify sustainable fuel as a substitute for existing fuel and to overcome fuel demand and enviro effects. This test was conducted on single-cylinder four-stroke water-cooled diesel engines. From the results, it was revealed that cottonseed oil and its blends have a significant influence on performance and emission characters.

Keywords: water-cooled diesel engine, emission character, cottonseed oil, sustainable fuel.

References:

  1. Nagendra, S., Kiran, A. V. N. S., Swetha, D., Saleemuddin, S. M. (2017). Performance of diesel engine fueled with biodiesel (coconut oil and cotton seed oil blended with diesel) and analysis of combustion products. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Vol. 14(3), pp. 77–86, doi: 10.9790/1684-1403057786.
  2. Nagendra, S., Kiran, A. V. N. S., Kumar, B. S., Swetha, D., Saleemuddin, S. M. (2019). Performance analysis of four stroke ci engine using bio-diesel. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Vol. 8(5).
  3. Shrigiri, B. M., Hebbal, O. D., Reddy, K. H. (2016). Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a semi-adiabatic diesel engine using cotton seed and Neem Kernel oil methyl esters. Alexandria Engineering Journal, Vol. 55, pp. 699–706, doi: 10.1016/j.aej.2015.12.023.
  4. Onukwuli, D. O., Emembolu, L. N., Ude, C. N., Aliozo, S. O., Menkiti, M. C. (2017). Optimization of biodiesel production from refined cotton seed oil and its characterization. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, Vol. 26, pp. 103–110, doi: 10.1016/j.ejpe.2016.02.001.
  5. Bello, E. I., Aladesuru, A. A. (2015). Cottonseed (Gossypium arboreum) oil biodiesel. Scientia Agriculturae, Vol. 11(1), pp. 1–7, doi: 10.15192/PSCP.SA.2015.11.1.17.
  6. Basha, S. A., Gopal, K. R., Jebaraj, S. (2009). A review on biodiesel production, combustion, emissions and performance. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, pp. 1628–1634, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2008.09.031.
  7. Dhamodaran, G., Krishnan, R., Pochareddy, Y. K., Pyarelal, H. M., Sivasubramanian, H., Ganeshram, A. K. (2017). A comparative study of combustion, emission, and performance characteristics of rice-bran-, neem-, and cottonseed-oil biodiesels with varying degree of unsaturation. Fuel, Vol. 187, pp. 296–305, doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.09.062.
  8. Martin, M. L. J., Geo, V. E., Nagalingam, B. (2016). Effect of fuel inlet temperature on cottonseed oil diesel mixture composition and performance in a DI diesel engine. Journal of the Energy Institute, Vol. 30, doi: 10.1016/j.joei.2016.05.005.
  9. Nabi, N., Rahman, M., Akhter, S. (2009). Biodiesel from cotton seed oil and its effect on engine performance and exhaust emissions. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 29, pp. 2265–2270, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.11.009.
  10. Santhosh, M., Padmanaban, K.P. (2015). Experimental investigation on engine performances, combustion characteristics and emission of exhaust gases of VCR engine fuelled with cottonseed oil methyl ester blended with diesel. International Journal of Green Energy, Vol. 2015, pp. 1–47, doi: 10.1080/15435075.2014.977438.
  11. Senthilraja, R., Sivakumar, V., Thirugnanasambandham, K., Nedunchezhian, N. (2016). Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a dual fuel engine with diesele ethanole cotton seed oil methyl ester blends and compressed natural gas (CNG) as fuel. Energy, Vol. 112, pp. 899–907, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.06.114.
  12. Sinha, D., Murugavelh, S. (2016). Biodiesel production from waste cotton seed oil using low cost catalyst: Engine performance and emission characteristics. Preservative in Science, Vol. 2016, pp. 1–9, doi: 10.1016/j.pisc.2016.04.038.
  13. Eevera, T., Pazhanichamy, K. (2013). Cotton seed oil: A feasible oil source for biodiesel production. Energy Sources, Part A, Vol. 35, pp. 1118–1128, doi: 10.1080/15567036.2010.514648.
  14. Krishna, B. M., Mallikarjun, J. M. (2009). Properties and performance of cotton seed oil–diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 1, 023106, doi: 10.1063/1.3117342.
  15. Allen, J, Andrews, M., et al. (2018). Experimental investigation of cotton seed bio-diesel with LPG in a dual fuel mode. International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, Vol. 7, pp. 405–412, doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1218655.

Full Text



© 2014-2019 Sumy State University.
Scientific journal "Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights reserved.