Sustainable Low Carbon Urban Lighting Analysis: A Case Study of Bandung City | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Sustainable Low Carbon Urban Lighting Analysis: A Case Study of Bandung City

Author(s): Yusup G. S. B.1, Melda R. J.2, Maman I.1, Li J.1

Affiliation(s): 1 Wuhan University, 430072 Wuhan, China;
2 Nanjing Normal University, 210023 Nanjing, China

*Corresponding Author’s Address: yusupgum@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2020)

Dates:
Paper received: February 16, 2020
The final version of the paper received: June 3, 2020
Paper accepted online: June 17, 2020

Citation:
Yusup, G. S. B., Melda, R. J., Maman, I., Li, J. (2020). Sustainable low carbon urban lighting analysis: a case study of Bandung city. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(1), pp. H9–H18, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).h2

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).h2

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Environmental Protection

Abstract. Nowadays, lighting technology is in the transition period from conventional lighting to LED, which more environmentally friendly due to free of harmful substances such as mercury, lead, or other hazardous chemicals and gases. This low light pollution because directional light is carefully distributed precisely to the intended location. Performance of the lights also brighter than other lights. This research measuring the reduction of CO2 gas emissions before and after PJU (street lights) in Bandung is changed from the conventional to the LED, also mapping the CO2 gas emissions in six Development Areas (SWK). The basis for this research approach is a case study with before and after comparison, meaning that this approach only applies to one object that is the same as comparing the condition of the object before and after the treatment. In this study, the evaluation research method used is a causal method, which is a method that is more directed at impact evaluation research. Scientifically and objectively, PJU LED provides low CO2 emissions gas by up to 26 % in Bandung city.

Keywords: CO2 emission, the light emitted diode (LED), street lights.

References:

  1. Adamo, F., Cavone, G., Di Nisio, A., Lanzolla, A. M. L., Spadavecchia, M. (2013). A proposal for an open source energy meter. Conference Record – IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, doi: 10.1109/I2MTC.2013.6555466.
  2. Bandung Municipal Government. (2012). Regional Spatial Planning of Bandung City 2011-2031. Bandung Municipal Government.
  3. Bell, S., Morse, S. (2008). Sustainability Indicators: Measuring the Immeasurable? (2nd ed.). Earthscan, London: Sterling, VA.
  4. Bryman, A. (2016). Social Research Methods (5th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. Burgos-Payan, M., Correa-Moreno, F., Riquelme-Santos, J. (2012). Improving the energy efficiency of street lighting. A Case in the South of Spain, Proc. IEEE EEM, 1–8.
  6. Carli, R., Dotoli, M., Cianci, E. (2017). An optimization tool for energy efficiency of street lighting systems in smart cities. IFAC-PapersOnLine, Vol. 50(1), pp. 14460–14464, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.2292.
  7. Choguill, L, C. (2008). Developing sustainable neighborhoods. Habitat International, Vol. 32, pp. 41–48.
  8. Coaffe, J. (2008). Risk, resilience, and environmentally sustainable cities. Energy Policy.
  9. De Almeida, A., Santos, B., Bertoldi, P., Quicheron, M. (2014). Solid state lighting review – Potential and challenges in Europe. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, pp. 30–48, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.02.029.
  10. Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) Annual Report. (2011). Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/405071468139213712/Energy-sector-management-assistance-program-2011-annual-report.
  11. Fouquet, R., Pearson, P. J. G. (2006). Seven centuries of energy services: The price and use of light in the United Kingdom (1300-2000). Energy Journal, doi: 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol27-No1-8.
  12. Huang, Y.-H. (2012). Economic Feasibility of Solar-Powered LED Roadway Lighting. National Taiwan University.
  13. Ibrahim, A. (2002). The Development Approach that is Comprehensively Supported by the National Model of Food Security in the Context of Enhancing Regional Resilience: Case Study Bekasi, West Java Province, Indonesia. Bandung: CV Mandar Maju.
  14. Jim, C. Y., Chen, W. Y. (2008). Assessing the ecosystem service of air pollutant removal by urban trees in Guangzhou (China). Journal of Environmental Management, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.03.035.
  15. Kampeng Lei., Z. W. (2008). Municipal Waste and Their Solar Transformities: An Energy Synthesis for Macao.
  16. Lee, Y. J., Huang, C. M. (2007). Sustainability index for Taipei. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, doi: 10.1016/j.eiar.2006.12.005.
  17. Lighting the Way: Perspectives on the Global Lighting Market (2nd ed.). McKinsey and Company (2012).
  18. Merriam, S. B. (1988). Case Study Research in Education: A Qualitative Approach. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.
  19. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of The Republic of Indonesia Data and Information Technology Centre.
  20. Newby, P. (2010). Research Methods for Education. England: Pearson.
  21. Nunan, D. (1992). Research Methods in Language Learning. USA: Cambridge University Press.
  22. Onwuegbuzie, A., Leech, N. (2005). On becoming a pragmatic researcher: The importance of combining quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, doi: 10.1080/13645570500402447.
  23. Pizzuti, S., Annunziato, M., Moretti, F. (2013). Smart street lighting management. Energy Efficiency, doi: 10.1007/s12053-013-9195-9.
  24. Pluye, P., Gagnon, M. P., Griffiths, F., Johnson-Lafleur, J. (2009). A scoring system for appraising mixed methods research, and concomitantly appraising qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods primary studies in Mixed Studies Reviews. International Journal of Nursing Studies, doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.01.009.
  25. Rabaza, O., Palomares-Muñoz, Z. E., Pena-Garcia, A. M., Gomez-Lorente, D., Aran-Carrion, J., Aznar-Dols, F., Espin-Estrella, A. (2014). Multi-objective optimization applied to photovoltaic street lighting systems. Renewable Energy and Power Quality Journal, doi: 10.24084/repqj12.419.
  26. Radulovic, D., Skok, S., Kirincic, V. (2011). Energy efficiency public lighting management in the cities. Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.016.
  27. Ramadhani, F., Bakar, K. A., Shafer, M. G. (2013). Optimization of standalone street light system with consideration of lighting control. 2013 The International Conference on Technological Advances in Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, TAEECE 2013, doi: 10.1109/TAEECE.2013.6557340.
  28. Research and Library Services Northern Ireland Assembly (2009).
  29. Rosada, D. (2012). Implementation of Bandung City Development Policy: Perspective of Sustainable Development. Bandung.
  30. Sȩdziwy, A., Kotulski, L. (2016). Towards highly energy-efficient roadway lighting. Energies, doi: 10.3390/en9040263.
  31. Tian, L., Ma, W. (2009). Government intervention in city development of China: A tool of land supply. Land Use Policy, doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.08.012.
  32. Venkatesh, V., Brown, S. A., Bala, H. (2013). Bridging the qualitative-quantitative divide: Guidelines for conducting mixed methods research in information systems. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, doi: 10.25300/MISQ/2013/37.1.02.
  33. Wu, Y., Shi, C., Zhang, X., Yang, W. (2010). Design of new intelligent street light control system. 2010 8th IEEE International Conference on Control and Automation, ICCA 2010, doi: 10.1109/ICCA.2010.5524348.
  34. Zhang, Y., Yang, Z. (2007). Eco-efficiency of urban material metabolism: a case study in Shenzhen, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, Vol. 27, doi: 10.1016/S1872-2032(07)60067-5.

Full Text



© 2014-2019 Sumy State University.
Scientific journal "Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights reserved.