The Estimation of Feed Solution Composition Influence on Concentration Polarization Layer Resistance during Reverse Osmosis | Journal of Engineering Sciences

The Estimation of Feed Solution Composition Influence on Concentration Polarization Layer Resistance during Reverse Osmosis

Author(s): Huliienko S. V.1*, Protsiuk O. O.1, Gatilov K. O.2, Kaminskyi V. S.1, 3

Affiliation(s): 
1 National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, 37 Peremohy Ave., 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine;
2  Archer Daniels Midland Company ADM Europoort B.V., 125 Elbeweg, 3198 LC, Rotterdam, Netherlands;
3 Technical University of Kosice, 9 Letna St., 042 00 Kosice, Slovak Republic

*Corresponding Author’s Address: sergii.guliienko@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 6; Issue 2 (2019)

Dates:
Paper received: May 14, 2019
The final version of the paper received: August 29, 2019
Paper accepted online: September 3, 2019

Citation:
Huliienko S. V., Protsiuk O. O., Gatilov K. O., Kaminskyi V. S. (2019). The estimation of feed solution composition influence on concentration polarization layer resistance during reverse osmosis. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 6(2), pp. F24-F29, doi: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).f4.

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).f4

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Processes in Machines and Devices

Abstract. The experimental determination of concentration polarization layer resistance during reverse osmosis of mineral salts solutions was carried out with the aim to estimate the influence of solution composition on the value of mentioned resistance. In experimental conditions, the membrane resistance remains constant (the mean value was 0.534·1014 m-1) which means that the membrane compaction was not observed. Moreover, under experimental conditions, the hypothesis about linear dependence between the concentration polarization layer and applied pressure was confirmed for all solutions under investigations. It was defined that value of concentration polarization layer resistance different salt solutions was varied less than 10 % although under experimental conditions the diffusion coefficient values of magnesium sulfate were more than three times higher than corresponded values for other salts. The increasing of solutions concertation determines the increasing of concentration polarization layer resistance. At the same time, in previous study it was defined that changes in hydrodynamic regime in membrane module under similar conditions could determine the change in concentration polarization layer resistance in 3–5 times, while in both studies the trends of impact of hydrodynamic conditions still similar to the value of considered resistance decrease with Reynolds number increasing. Such results showed that in considered range of concentrations the hydrodynamic conditions have a lower influence on concentration polarization layer resistance than solution composition. The obtained results are in agreement with the film theory of concentration polarization.

Keywords: membrane, reverse osmosis, concentration polarization, diffusion coefficient, Reynolds number, Schmidt number.

References:

  1. Mulder, M. (1996). Basic Principles of Membrane Technology. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  2. Shirazi, S., Lin, C.-J., Chen, D. (2010). Inorganic fouling of pressure-driven membrane processes – A critical review. Desalination, Vol. 250(1), pp. 236–248, doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2009.02.056.
  3. Huliienko, S., Leshchenko, O. (2019). Influence of operating pressure on concentration polarization layer resistance in reverse osmosis. Ukrainian Food Journal, Vol. 8(1), pp. 119–132, doi: 10.24263/2304-974X-2019-8-1-13.
  4. Sioutopoulos, D., Karabelas, A. (2015). The effect of permeation flux on the specific resistance of polysaccharide fouling layers developing during dead-end ultrafiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 473, pp. 292–301, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2014.09.030.
  5. Luo, J., Ding, L., Su, Y., Wei, Sh., Wan, Y. (2010). Concentration polarization in concentrated saline solution during desalination of iron dextran by nanofiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 363, pp. 170–179, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2010.07.033.
  6. Li, W., Su, X., Palazzolo, A., Ahmed, S. (2019). Numerical modelling of concentration polarization and inorganic fouling growth in the pressure-driven membrane filtration process. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 569, pp. 71–82, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.10.007.
  7. Jang, E.-S., Mickols, W., Sujanani, R., Sujanani, R., Dilenschneider, T., Kamcev, J., Paul, D., Freeman, B. (2019). Influence of concentration polarization and thermodynamic non-ideality on salt transport in reverse osmosis membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 572, pp. 668–675, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.11.006.
  8. Amokrane, M., Sadaoui, D., Koutsou, C. P., Karabelas, A. J., Dudeck, M. (2015). A study of flow field and concentration polarization evolution in membrane channels with two-dimensional spacers during water desalination. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 477, pp. 139–150.
  9. McGovern, R. K., Lienhard, J. H. (2016). On the asymptotic flux of ultrapermeable seawater reverse osmosis membranes due to concentration polarization. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 520, pp. 560–565, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2016.07.028.
  10. Freire-Gormaly, M., Bilton, A. M. (2019). Impact of intermittent operation on reverse osmosis membrane fouling for brackish groundwater desalination systems. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 583, pp. 220–230, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2019.04.010.
  11. Suwarno, S. R., Chen, X., Chong, T. H., McDougald, D., Cohen, Y., Rice, S. A., Fane, A. G. (2014). Biofouling in reverse osmosis processes: The roles of flux, crossflow velocity and concentration polarization in biofilm development. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 467, pp. 116–125, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2014.04.052.
  12. Macedo, A., Duarte, E., Pinho, M. (2011). The role of concentration polarization in ultrafiltration of ovine cheese whey. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 381, pp. 34–40, doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2011.07.012.
  13. Nikolskij, B. (2013). Chemist’s Handbook, 3 – Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics. Properties. Demand Ltd.
  14. Yaws, C. (1999), Chemical Properties Handbook: Physical, Thermodynamic, Environmental, Transport, Safety and Heals Related Properties for Organic and Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, New York.
  15. Dytnerskii, Iu. I. (1986). Baromembrane Processes. Theory and Calculation. Chemistry, Moscow.
  16. Thibodeaux, L., Mackay, D. (2011). Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment. CRC Press, New York.

Full Text



© 2014-2019 Sumy State University.
Scientific journal "Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights reserved.