Finite Element Analysis of Orthogonal Cutting Forces in Machining AISI 1020 Steel Using a Carbide Tip Tool

Author(s): Bashistakumar M.1, Pushkal B.2*

1 B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Grand Trunk Road, Jalandhar, 144011 Punjab, India;
2 L. Narain College of Technology, Kalchuri Nagar, Raisen Road, Bhopal, 462021 Madhya Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 5; Issue 2 (2018)

Paper received: February 2, 2018
The final version of the paper received: May 29, 2018
Paper accepted online: June 3, 2018

Bashistakumar, M., Pushkal, B. (2018). Finite element analysis of orthogonal cutting forces in machining AISI 1020 steel by using a carbide tip tool. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 5(2), pp. A1–A10, doi: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(2).a1

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(2).a1

Research Area: MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Machines and Tools

Abstract. Force modeling in metal cutting is important for various purposes, including thermal analysis, tool life estimation, chatter prediction, and tool condition monitoring. Numerous approaches have been proposed to model metal cutting forces with various degrees of success. In addition to the effect of work piece materials, cutting parameters, and process configurations, cutting tool thermal properties can also contribute to the level of cutting forces. The process of orthogonal metal cutting is studied with the finite element method under plane strain conditions. A numerical procedure has been developed for simulating orthogonal metal cutting using a general-purpose finite element method. The focus of the results presented in this work is on the effect of forces on the tool by variation of cutting parameters. The result is simulated with the analytical value for evolution of effective force for cutting material under various cutting condition.

Keywords: AISI 1020 steel, shaping, analytical model, finite element model, orthogonal cutting.


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