Braking Pattern Impact on Brake Fade in an Automobile Brake System | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Braking Pattern Impact on Brake Fade in an Automobile Brake System

Author(s): Towoju O. A.

Affiliation(s): Adeleke University, P.M.B. 250, Ede-Osogbo Rd., Ede, Osun State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 6; Issue 2 (2019)

Paper received: January 1, 2019
The final version of the paper received: April 4, 2019
Paper accepted online: April 10, 2019

Towoju, O. A. (2019). Braking pattern impact on brake fade in an automobile brake system. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 6(2), pp. E11-E16, doi: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).e2.

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).e2

Research Area:  MECHANICAL ENGINEERING: Computational Mechanics

Abstract. The importance of brake systems in automobiles cannot be overemphasized. Brakes are used in speed control of vehicles and do so by the conversion of kinetic energy into thermal energy. Better stopping performance has favored the disc brake system over the drum brake system and has found wide application in high-performance vehicles. Brake fade, caused by thermal overload has placed a limit on the permissible temperature at which braking systems can function, and it is the task of designers to ensure that this is avoided. However, even with a good design, panic braking at high speeds could lead to high-temperature values. This study is thus undertaken to numerically investigate the effect of selected braking patterns on temperature growth which could lead to brake fade in a disc brake system for a 2 200 kg car moving at a velocity of 40 m/s whose velocity is expected to be reduced to 4 m/s after five seconds with two matches of the brake for a seconds’ interval. The peak temperature attained in the system during braking was observed to be different for the different braking patterns, and the best-suited pattern was the 1s-1s-3s with peak temperature values below 600 K.

Keywords: automobile, brake fade, disc brake, temperature distribution.


  1. Shi, S. (2016). Automobile Brake System. Savonia University of Applied Sciences.
  2. Alnaqi, A. A., Kosarieh, S., Barton, D. C., Brooks, P. C., Shrestha, S. (2018). Material characterisation of lightweight disc brake rotors. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials Design and Applications, Vol. 232(7), pp. 555–565.
  3. Introduction to Braking System. SAE Tezpur University,
  4. Maleque, M. A., Dyuti, S., Rahman, M. M. (2010). Material selection method in design of automotive brake disc. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol. 3, London, UK.
  5. Maluf, O., Angeloni, M., Milan, M., Spinelli, D., Waldek, W., Bose, F. (2004). Development of materials for automotive disc brakes. Pesquisa Technol Minerva, Vol. 2, pp. 149–158.
  6. Ganaway, G. (2011). Air disc brake production. NDIA Tactical Wheeled Vehicles Conference. Monterey, California, USA.
  7. Radhakrishnan, C., Yokeswaran, K., Kumar, N. M., kumar.S. B., Gopinath.M., Inbasekar, B. (2015). Design and optimization of ventilated disc brake for heat dissipation. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2(3), pp. 692–694.
  8. Harshal, S. S. (2017). Structural analysis of disc brake rotor for different materials. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4(7), pp. 2129–2135.
  9. Jerew, B. Understanding Brake Fade and How to Prevent It. Retrieved from
  10. Talati, F., Jalalifar, E. S. (2009). Analysis of heat conduction in a disk brake system. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 45, pp. 1047–1059.
  11. Gowtham, S., Manas, M. B. (2015). Elimination of brake fade in vehicles by altering the brake disc size (a concept). International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4(11), pp. 11349–11352.
  12. Adamowicz, A., Piotr, G. (2011). Influence of convective cooling on a disc brake temperature distribution during repetitive braking. Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 31(14), pp. 2177–2185.
  13. Grieve, D. G., Barton, D. C., Crolla, D. A., Buckingham, J. T. (1997). Design of a lightweight automotive brake disc using finite element and Taguchi techniques. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 212(4), pp. 245–254.
  14. Streit C. Solving Brake Fade in Performance Brake Systems. Retrieved from
  15. Zaini, D. (2014). Braking system modeling and brake temperature response to repeated cycle. Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology, Vol. 5, pp. 123–128.
  16. Kudal, G. B., Chopade, M. R. (2016). Heat Transfer characteristics of ventilated disc brake rotor with diamond pillars – a review. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, pp. 219–222.
  17. Khivsara, S., Bapat, R., Lele, N., Choudhari, A., Chopade, M. (2015). Thermal analysis and optimisation of a ventilated disk brake rotor using cfd techniques. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Vol. 5(7), pp. 59–64.
  18. Dahm, K. L., Black, A. J., Shrestha, S., Dearnley, P. A. (2009). Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation treatment of aluminium alloys for lightweight disc brake rotors. IMechE Conference on Braking, pp. 53–60.
  19. Baskara, S. P., Muthuvel, A., Prakash, N., Stanly, W. L., (2015). Numerical analysis of a rotor disc for optimization of the disc materials. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Vol. 5(3B), pp. 5–14.
  20. Choi, B. K., Park, J. H., Kim, M. R. (2008). Simulation of the braking condition of vehicle for evaluating thermal performance of disc brake. Proceedings of KSAE Autumn Conference, pp. 1265–1274.
  21. Belhocine, A., Cho, C.-D., Nouby, M., Yi, Y. B., Abu Bakar, A. R. (2014). Thermal analysis of both ventilated and full disc brake rotors with frictional heat generation. Applied and Computational Mechanics, Vol. 8, pp. 5–24.
  22. Lee, S., Yeo, T. (2000). Temperature and coning analysis of brake rotor using an axisymmetric finite element technique. 4th Korea-Russia Int. Symp. on Science and Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 17–22.
  23. Gao, C. H., Lin, X. Z. (2002). Transient temperature field analysis of a brake in a non-axisymmetric three dimensional model. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 129, pp. 513–517.
  24. Altuzarra, O., Amezua, E., Aviles, R., Hernandez, A., (2002). Judder vibration in disc brakes excited by thermoelastic instability. Engineering Computations, Vol. 19(4), pp. 411–430.
  25. Jang, Y. H., Ahn, S. H, (2007). Frictionally-excited thermoelastic instability in functionally graded material. Wear, Vol. 262, pp. 1102–1112.
  26. Yamabe J., Takagi, M., Matsui, T., Kimura, T., Sasaki, M. (2002). Development of disc rotor for trucks with high thermal fatigue strength. Japan SAE Paper, 4017.
  27. Patel, P., Mohite, M. A. (2017). Design optimization of passenger car front brake disc for improvement in thermal behavior, weight & Cost. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, Vol. 5(2), pp. 1079–1086.

Full Text

© 2014-2024 Sumy State University
"Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights are reserved by SumDU