Comparative analysis of the performance of mixing rules for density prediction of simple chemical mixtures | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Comparative analysis of the performance of mixing rules for density prediction of simple chemical mixtures

Author(s): Babalola F. U.1, Akanji I. O.2,3, Oyegoke T.3*

Affiliation(s):
1 Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria;
2 National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency, Lagos Zonal Office Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria;
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author’s Address: OyegokeToyese@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1 (2021)

Dates:
Received: March 4, 2021
The final version received: May 31, 2021
Accepted for publication: June 5, 2021

Citation:
Babalola F. U., Akanji I. O., Oyegoke T. (2021). Comparative analysis of the performance of mixing rules for density prediction of simple chemical mixtures. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 8(1), pp. F25–F31, doi: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(1).f4

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(1).f4

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Processes in Machines and Devices

Abstract. Four different mixing rules (MRs) in three equations of state (EOSs) have been used to account for the intermolecular forces of attraction between dissimilar molecules of different substances that form simple mixtures. The combined effects of the co-volumes of all constituent species of the mixtures were also considered, and the densities of these simple mixtures were predicted. Thereafter, the density results obtained were compared with accurately simulated experimental density values, and the effectiveness of these MRs was determined and compared. The four MRs compared are geometric mean average (GMA), whole square root average (SRA), Expanded geometric average (EGA), and simple average (SA) of attractive force parameter. They were all used in Van der Waals, Redlich Kwong, and Peng Robinson EOSs for two simple mixtures: a binary system (Ammonia – Water system) and a ternary mixture (methyl acetate – water – toluene system). It was found that GMA and EGA gave reasonably accurate estimates of the mixture attractive force parameter (am) and hence good density prediction for both Ammonia – Water and Methyl acetate – Water – Toluene systems. SRA gave unrealistic values of mixture densities for both systems and was discarded. SA gave a somewhat good result with Peng Robinson EOS for the ammonia-water system, but not that good in Redlich Kwong EOS and very poor in Van der Waals EOS. SA does not give reasonable estimates of the mixture densities with the three EOSs considered for the methyl acetate – water – toluene system.

Keywords: equation of state, mixing rule, density predictions, chemical mixtures, thermodynamics, models.

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