Computer Engineering and Design of Cast Parts for Internal Combustion Engine Crankcase | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Computer Engineering and Design of Cast Parts for Internal Combustion Engine Crankcase

Author(s): Akimov O. V.1, Marchenko A. P.1, Alyokhin V. I.1, Soloshenko V.2, Shinsky O. Y.3, Klymenko S. I.3, Kostyk K. O.1*

1 National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, 2 Kyrpychova St., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine;
2 “General Electric” Ltd, 110/114 Krakowska Al., 02-256 Warsaw, Poland;
3 Physico-Technological Institute of Metals and Alloys of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34/1 Vernadskogo Blvd., 03142 Kyiv, Ukraine

*Corresponding Author’s Address:

Issue: Volume 6; Issue 2 (2019)

Paper received: September 14, 2019
The final version of the paper received: November 30, 2019
Paper accepted online: December 5, 2019

Akimov O. V., Marchenko A. P., Alyokhin V. I., Soloshenko V., Shinsky O. Y., Klymenko S. I., Kostyk K. O. (2019). Computer engineering and design of cast parts for internal combustion engine crankcase. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 6(2), pp. E24-E30, doi: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).e4

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).e4

Research Area:  MECHANICAL ENGINEERING: Computational Mechanics

Abstract. This paper discusses the formulation of the problem of designing the cast parts block-crankcases engine in order to ensure its quality for the case study of cast iron parts of the cylinder block inline four-cylinder gasoline engine with the capacity of 1.4 dm3. Material Ch190B is gray cast iron with optional chemical composition, and sulfur – no more than 0.15 %, phosphorus – no more than 0.1 %, structure – perlite plate. The results obtained in this work confirm the conclusions about the possibility of reducing the metal content of the casting and changing the technical conditions of its manufacture. According to the results of the research, the developed recommendations are aimed at stabilizing the characteristics of the metal, reducing metal consumption, and changing the technical conditions for the defectiveness of this type of castings. Recommendations for changing the configuration of the partition in order to reduce the metal content of the casting and recommendations for changing the Technical Conditions for casting defects were stated for the casting block crankcase 4ChN12/14. For defects of discontinuity type, the maximum size was defined, and controlled places of their detecting were defined.

Keywords: CAD, CAE, block-crankcase, 3D model, casting defect.


  1. Becker, E. P. (2004). Trends in tribological materials and engine technology. Tribology International, Vol. 37(7), pp. 569–575, doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2003.12.006.
  2. Ye, H. (2003). An overview of the development of Al-Si-alloy based material for engine applications. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 12(3), pp. 288–297, doi: 10.1361/105994903770343132.
  3. Carvalho, O., Buciumeanu, M., Madeira, S., Soares, D., Silva, F. S., Miranda, G. (2015). Optimization of AlSi–CNTs functionally graded material composites for engine piston rings. Materials and Design, Vol. 80, pp. 163–173, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.05.018.
  4. Shevchenko, Y. N., Savchenko, V. G. (2016). Three-dimensional problems of thermoviscoplasticity: Focus on Ukrainian research. International Applied Mechanics, Vol. 52(3), pp. 217–271, doi: 10.1007/s10778-016-0749-3.
  5. Harries, S., Abt, C., Brenner, M. (2019). Upfront CAD-Parametric modeling techniques for shape optimization. Advances in Evolutionary and Deterministic Methods for Design, Optimization and Control in Engineering and Sciences, Springer, Cham, pp. 191–211, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-89988-6_12.
  6. Seifi, M., Salem, A., Beuth, J., Harrysson, O., Lewandowski, J. J. (2016). Overview of materials qualification needs for metal additive manufacturing. JOM, Springer, Vol. 68(3), pp. 747–764, doi: 10.1007/s11837-015-1810-0.
  7. Zhang, J. H., Chen, M. (2015). Assessing the impact of China’s vehicle emission standards on diesel engine remanufacturing. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 107, pp. 177–184, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.03.103.
  8. Sharma, R. S., Singhal, I., Gupta, S. (2018). Innovative Training Framework for Additive Manufacturing Ecosystem to Accelerate Adoption of Three-Dimensional Printing Technologies. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, Vol. 5(2), pp. 170–179, doi: 10.1089/3dp.2017.0003.
  9. Dhahad, H. A., Alawee, W. H., Marchenko, A., Klets, D., Akimov, O. (2018). Evaluation of Power Indicators of the Automobile Engine. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, Vol. 7(4.3), pp. 130–134.
  10. Akimov, O., Gusau, I. G., Marchenko, A. P. (2015). An overview of the computer-integrated systems and manufacturing technologies of pistons of internal combustion engines. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, Vol. 6, Issue 1(78), pp. 35–42, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2015.56318
  11. Akimov, O. V. (2004). Modern systems of computer-aided design, engineering analysis and technological preparation of production. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, Vol. 6(12), pp. 21–36.
  12. Alekhin, V. I., Akimov, O. V., Marchenko, A. P. (2008). Computer-integrated modeling of casting processes in the cylinder block Daewoo Sens. Bulletin of NTU “KhPI”, “Machine Science and CAD”, Issue. 2, pp. 3–7.

Full Text

© 2014-2021 Sumy State University.
"Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights reserved.