Corrosion Inhibition Efficiencies of Polymeric Materials on Alloy Steel in Dilute Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide Solutions at Ambient Temperature

Author(s): Ekengwu I. E.1, Utu O. G.2, Anyanwu K. O.3*

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria;
2 Department of Welding and Fabrication Technology, Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi Uku, Nigeria;
3Department of Material and Metallurgical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 2 (2020)

Paper received: July 27, 2020
The final version of the paper received: December 7, 2020
Paper accepted online: December 16, 2020

Ekengwu I. E., Utu O. G., Anyanwu K. O. (2020). Corrosion inhibition efficiencies of polymeric materials on alloy steel in dilute hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide solutions at ambient temperature. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(2), pp. C27–C32, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).c5

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).c5

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Materials Science

Abstract. A corrosion control test was conducted on alloy steel, using polymeric coatings (polyurethane, bitumen (medium airing), and high-density polyethylene) in dilute HCl solutions of pH values 4, 7, and 12, respectively for acid, neutral and alkaline solutions at ambient temperature. In the study, Eighty-four coupons of alloy steel were used. The coupons were mechanized, ground, polished, etched with natal, and weighed using a digital weighing balance (Beva 206B). The mass of each coupon was recorded according to the tag number on them. Twenty-one of the coupons were coated with polyurethane, 21 coated with medium curing bitumen (MC), and 21 coated with high-density polyethylene, while 21 were left uncoated. Seven polyurethane-coated samples, bitumen coating, and uncoated coupons were suspended in dilute HCl solutions of pH values 4, 7, and 12. Every week, one sample is taken from each of the solutions, the coatings and the corrosion products were removed, and the coupons were etched with natal. Then the coupons were reweighed, and their masses were recorded in accordance with their tag number. The weight loss per unit area of the coupons, corrosion rate, and percentage corrosion inhibition efficiencies of the coatings was calculated over seven weeks. The results obtained were tabulated and represented graphically. From the results obtained, it is seen that the corrosion inhibition efficiency of polyurethane coatings is higher compared with bitumen and polyethylene. It is also seen from the graphs that the corrosion rate of the coupons is higher in acid, a little bit lower in alkaline, and much lower in neutral solution. It is also observed that the corrosion rates fall with time as the inhibition efficiency also falls with time.

Keywords: alloy steel, ambient temperature, inhibition efficiency, polymeric coatings.


  1. Umoru, L. E., Afonja, A. A., Ademodi, B. (2008). Corrosion study of AISI 304, AISI 321 and AISI 430 stainless steel in a tar sand digester. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 7(4), pp. 291–299, doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2008.74022.
  2. Parker, M. E., Peattie, E. G. (1988). Pipe Line Corrosion and Cathodic Protection: A practical manual for corrosion engineering, technicians, and field personnel. Guff Professional Publishing, Houston.
  3. Samimi, A. (2012). Use of polyurethane coating to prevent corrosion in oil and gas pipeline transfer. International Journal of Innovation, Vol. 1(2), 187.
  4. Wiston, R. (2000). Uhlig’s Corrosion Handbook. Wiley.
  5. Marcus, P., Mansfield, F. B. (2006). Analytical Methods in Corrosion Science and Engineering. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
  6. Gusti, D. R. (2013). Proceedings Semirata FMIPA. University of Lampung.
  7. Ovri, J. E. O., Iyasara, A. C. (2013). Corrosion inhibition of stainless steel (314L) using molasses. The International Journal of Engineering and Science, Vol. 2(1), pp. 346–352.
  8. Fontana, Greene (1967). Eight Forms of Corrosion. NACE, retrieved from
  9. Al Moubaraki, A. H. (2015). Corrosion protection of mild steel in acid solution using red cabbage dye. Chemical Engineering Communication, Vol. 202(8), pp. 1069–1080, doi: 10.1080/00986445.2014.907565.

Full Text