Effect of Ethyl Acetate, Time and Particle Size on the Kinetics of the Oleoresin Extraction Process | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Effect of Ethyl Acetate, Time and Particle Size on the Kinetics of the Oleoresin Extraction Process

Author(s): Olakunle M.S.1, Ameh A.O.1, Oyegoke T.1, 3*, Shehu H.U.2

Affiliation(s): 
1 Chemical Engineering Department, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria;
2 Chemical Engineering Technology Department, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria;
3 Laboratoire de Chimie, ENS l’Universite de Lyon, 69007, France

*Corresponding Author’s Address: OyegokeToyese@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 2 (2020)

Dates:
Paper received: June 30, 2020
The final version of the paper received: October 10, 2020
Paper accepted online: October 21, 2020

Citation:
Olakunle M.S., Ameh A.O., Oyegoke T., Shehu H.U. (2020). Effect of ethyl acetate, time and particle size on the kinetics of the oleoresin extraction process. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(2), pp. F15–F23, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).f3

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).f3

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Processes in Machines and Devices

Abstract. The kinetics of the extraction of oleoresin from ginger using ethyl acetate as the solvent was studied in this work. The effects of particle size and extraction time on oleoresin’s solvent extraction were analyzed to obtain optimization data. The temperature of the process was kept constant at 40oC. The Ginger particle sizes considered ranged between 1200–250 μat extraction times ranging between 10-70 minutes. Experimental data generated were fitted into an empirical model to determine the kinetic parameters. The oleoresin yield increases with increasing extraction time up to an optimum time, after which the yield remains constant and yield also increases with decreasing particle size. The results obtained from the kinetics studies revealed that the introduction of the constant term accounting for the diffusion step separately (as an addition) into a single step first-order model (Patricelli’s first order model) raises the R-squared values from 87 % fitness of the model into becoming 99 % with the experimental data. This improved form of Patricelli’s first-order model was found to show a good agreement with Patricelli’s 2-step kinetic model. These findings confirmed that the oleoresin extraction process in the presence of ethyl acetate was found to be first-order kinetics involving two steps mechanism where the use of a single-step first-order model (Patricelli’s first-order kinetic model) and the choice of using ethyl acetate must have contributed to the strong resistance present in the first step of the extraction mechanism especially for the smaller particle size (250 microns). In getting the extraction yield improved, this study, therefore, recommends the use of small particle sizes (< 250 microns), higher temperatures (> 40oC), and/or better alternative solvents like ethanol.

Keywords: ethyl acetate, extraction, oleoresin, modeling.

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