Effect of Insert Angles on Cutting Tool Geometry | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Effect of Insert Angles on Cutting Tool Geometry

Author(s): Shvets S. V.1*, Astakhov V. P.2

1 Sumy State University, 2 Rymskogo-Korsakova St., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine;
2 Production Service Management Inc, 1255 Beach Court, Saline, Michigan 48176, USA.

*Corresponding Author’s Address: s.shvets@tmvi.sumdu.edu.ua

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 2 (2020)

Paper received: April 15, 2020
The final version of the paper received: October 18, 2020
Paper accepted online: November 1, 2020

Shvets S. V., Astakhov V. P. (2020). Effect of insert angles on cutting tool geometry. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(2), pp. A1–A6, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).a1

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).a1

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Machines and Tools

Abstract. An analysis of publications has shown that mechanically clamped indexable inserts are predominantly used in modern tool manufacturing. Each insert has its shape and geometry in the tool coordinate system. The static system’s required geometry is achieved by the tilting of the insert pocket in the radial and axial directions. Therefore, it is of great importance in the tool design to know the relationships between the insert’s geometry parameters in the tool coordinate system where the geometry paraments of the insert are defined and working geometry parameters of the tool defined in the static coordinate system. The paper presents the developed methodology for determining the insert pocket base surface position to ensure the required values of the tool geometry parameters of the selected indexable insert in the static coordinate system. The graphs of the dependence of each of the angles of the insert geometry on the angles of rotation of this insert in the front and profile planes are presented as the level lines for practical use. Using these graphs, one can optimize all geometric insertion parameters in the static coordinate system. The model of the calculations of the mechanism of the insert clamping by a screw is developed. The basic size and tolerance of the output link determine the distance from the intersection line of the base surfaces to the thread axis on the pocket and the minimum amount of the screw stroke on the insert clamping in the pocket.

Keywords: indexable insert, cutting tool, coordinate system, base surfaces, geometric parameters.


  1. Astakhov, V. P., Shvets, S. V. (2020). Technical resource of the cuttingwedge is the foundation of themachining regime determination. International Journal of Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 10(2), pp. 1–17, doi: 10.4018/IJMMME.2020040101.
  2. Schneider, G. (2002) Cutting Tool Applications. Available online: http://www.opensourcemachinetools.org/archive-manuals/Cutting-Tool-Applications.pdf.
  3. Kumar, P., Chauhan, S. R., Pruncu, C. I., Gupta, M. K., Pimenov, D. Yu., Mia, M., Gill, H. S. (2019). Influence of different grades of CBN inserts on cutting force and surface roughness of AISI H13 die tool steel during hard turning operation. Materials, Vol. 12(1), pp. 45–56, doi: 10.3390/ma12010177.
  4. Stephenson, D. A., Agapiou, J. S. (2016). Metal Cutting Theory and Practice. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group.
  5. Zheng, M., Gang, T., Yao, B., Li, F., Song, Y. (2015). Research on the cutting heat and wear of indexable inserts with different transition surfaces. Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 468-471, pp. 1290–1293, doi: 10.4028/www.Scientific.net/AMR.468-471.1290.
  6. Astakhov, V. P. (2010). Geometry of Single-Point Turning Tools and Drills: Fundamentals and Practical Applications. Springer-Verlag, London, UK.
  7. Euan, I. G., Ozturk, E., Sims, N. D. (2013). Modeling static and dynamic cutting forces and vibrations for inserted ceramic milling tools. 14th CIRP Conference on Modeling of Machining Operations, pp. 564–569.
  8. Petrushin S. I., Gubaidulina R. Kh., Bakanov A. A., Makhov A. V. (2009) Geometric analysis of prefabricated cutting designs tools with replaceable polyhedral plates. Bulletin of Machine Building, Vol. 6, pp. 64–70.
  9. Legrand, C., Fromentin, G., Poulachon, G., Chatain, R., Rancic, M. (2019). A geometrical and mechanistic generalized model for complex shape broaching of super alloy. Procedia CIRP, Vol. 82, pp. 461 – 466, doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2019.04.042.
  10. Emel’yanov, S. G., Yatsun, E. I., Remnev, A. I., Shvets, S. V. (2011). Chip curling in metal cutting. Russian Engineering Research, Vol. 31(7), pp. 679–683, doi: 10.3103/S1068798X11060086.
  11. Kyocera (2015) Turning Indexable Inserts. Available online: https://asia.kyocera.com/products/cuttingtools/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/B-Turning-Indexable.pdf.
  12. Campocassoa, S., Costesa, J-P., Fromentina, G., Bissey-Bretonb, S., Poulachona, G. (2015). A generalised geometrical model of turning operations for cutting force modelling using edge discretisation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, Vol. 39(21), pp. 6612–6630, doi: 10.1016/j.apm.2015.02.008.
  13. Beno, J., Mankova, I., Vrabel, M., Karpuschewski, B., Emmer, T., Schmidt K. (2012). Operation safety and performance of milling cutters with shank style holders of tool inserts. Procedia Engineering, Vol. 48, pp. 15–23, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.09.479.
  14. Toenshoff, H. K. (2014). Cutting, Fundamentals. The International Academy for Production Engineering, Laperriere L., Reinhart G. (eds) CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6633.
  15. Korn, G.A., Korn, T.M. (2000). Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers: Definitions, Theorems, and Formulas for Reference and Review. Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, USA.

Full Text

© 2014-2019 Sumy State University.
Scientific journal "Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights reserved.