Ensuring the Vibration Reliability of Rotors Connected by Spline Joints

Author(s): Verbovyi A.1*, Neamtu C.2, Sieryk, M.1, Vashyst B.1, Pavlenko V.3, Simonovskiy V.1, Pavlenko, I.1

1 Sumy State University, 2 Rymskogo-Korsakova St., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine;
2 Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, 28 Memorandumului St., 400114 Cluj-Napoca, Romania;
3 Machine Building College of Sumy State University, 17 T. Shevchenka Ave., 40000 Sumy, Ukraine

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 6; Issue 2 (2019)

Paper received: August 17, 2019
The final version of the paper received: December 5, 2019
Paper accepted online: December 10, 2019

Verbovyi, A., Neamtu, C., Sieryk, M., Vashyst, B., Pavlenko, V., Simonovskiy, V., Pavlenko, I. (2019). Ensuring the vibration reliability of rotors connected by spline joints. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 6(2), pp. D14-D19, doi: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).d3

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2019.6(2).d3

Research Area:  MECHANICAL ENGINEERING: Dynamics and Strength of Machines

Abstract. This article is devoted to the development of refined numerical mathematical models of rotor dynamics of high-performance turbomachines having a spline connection. These models consider the dependence of the critical frequencies of the shaft on the angular stiffness of the spline connection, as well as the procedure of virtual balancing. As a result of the complex application of this approach, the methods of calculation of vibration characteristics taking into ac-count variable values of angular rigidity of splined connection are offered. In addition, the method of evaluating the system of initial imbalances with the corresponding displacements of the rotor axis in the correction and calculation sections has also been improved. The proposed approaches, based on the integrated application of CAE software and computational intelligent systems, allow for modal and harmonic analysis and implement virtual balancing with a significant reduction in preparation and machine time without loss of relative accuracy. In addition, the developed mathematical model of free and forced vibrations of rotor systems have been implemented in the program code operational files “Critical Frequencies of the Rotor” and “Forced Oscillations of the Rotor” of the computer algebra system MathCAD that allows improving the dynamic balancing procedure for evaluating primary imbalances. The high accuracy of the proposed approach is confirmed by checking the dynamic deviations of the rotor axis by the system of residual imbalances in accordance with the standards of vibration stability.

Keywords: turbomachine, spline connection, angular stiffness, virtual balancing, modal analysis, harmonic analysis.


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