Investigation of Parameters Affecting Underwater Communication Channel

Author(s): Aydin S., Onur T. O.*

Affiliation(s):  Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University, 67100 Zonguldak, Turkey.

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2020)

Paper received: February 25, 2020
The final version of the paper received: June 3, 2020
Paper accepted online: June 17, 2020

Aydin, S., Onur, T. O. (2020). Investigation of parameters affecting underwater communication channel. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(1), pp. F39–E44, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).f4

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).f4

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Processes in Machines and Devices

Abstract. Underwater communication has become a widely studied area in recent years and showed great potential to be an area of research. Acoustic communication is often preferred in underwater communication due to its suitability for an underwater diffusion environment. However, in underwater communication, the physical and chemical properties of the water environment affect sound propagation. Therefore, determining and examining parameters affecting channel performance in underwater communication plays an essential role in inefficient communication. In this study, the effects of salinity, depth, noise, temperature, and frequency parameters for the underwater channel model are examined. By determining the effects of these parameters on spherical and cylindrical propagation, suitable propagation geometry and parameter values for an efficient channel are investigated. In light of the results obtained, in case of studying in a limited area, the path and absorption losses can be reduced by selecting cylindrical propagation as a geometrical propagation model, thereby an efficient channel model can be formed.

Keywords: cylindrical propagation, spherical propagation, underwater communication channel, acoustic communication, path loss, absorption loss.


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