Numerical Model of Cutting Tool Blade Wear

Author(s): Shvets S. V.1, Machado J.2

1 Sumy State University, 2, Rymskogo-Korsakova St., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine;
2 University of Minho, Campus de Azurém, 4804-533 Guimarães, Portugal

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2 (2021)

Submitted: July 22, 2021
Accepted for publication: December 7, 2021
Available online: December 11, 2021

Shvets S. V., Machado J. (2021). Numerical model of cutting tool blade wear. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 8(2), pp. A1-A5, doi: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(2).a1

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(2).a1

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Machines and Tools

Abstract. The article investigates a numerical model of wear for cutting tools. The use of the parametric model of the cutting tool blade, under the required values of angles γ, α, α1, φ, φ1, and λ forms the corresponding working part, the dependences of the wear of the blade on the flank on the size of the worn surface. This allows analyzing the effect of blade geometry and wear parameters on the flank on energy consumption during tool wear calculate the work of blade wear at any amount of tool wear. It turned out that the dependences of wear on the flank h3 on the main φ and the auxiliary φ1 angles in the plan are linear. With increasing angles φ, φ1, α, and α1 decreases the work Uh required to achieve given wear on the flank h3, and with increasing angles γ and λ, such work increases. Thus, mechatronics combines knowledge and mechanics of wear, electronic parametric model, empirical dependence of wear of the cutting tool.

Keywords: wear, cutting tool, parametric model, blade geometry, wear work.


  1. Singh, S. B., Ranjan, P., Vakhrushev, A. V., Haghi, A. K. (2021). Mechatronic Systems Design and Solid Materials. Methods and Practices, CRC Press, doi: 10.1201/9781003045748.
  2. Astakhov, V. P., Shvets, S. V. (2020). Technical resource of the cutting wedge is the foundation of the machining regime determination. International Journal of Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 10(2), pp. 1-17, doi: 10.4018/ IJMMME.2020040101.
  3. Loladze, T. N. (1967). Requirements of tool material – Advances in machine tool design and research. Proceedings of the 8th International M.T.D.R. Conference University of Manchester, Part 2, pp. 821-843.
  4. Braithwaite, E. R. (1964). Solid Lubricants and Surfaces. Pergamon Press, Oxford – London – New York – Paris, 285 pp.
  5. Freeman-Gibb, E., Johrendt, J., Tutunea-Fatan, O. R. (2018). The effect of backing profile on cutting blade wear during high-volume production of carbon fiber-reinforced composites. SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, Vol. 11(4), pp. 491-498, doi: 10.4271/2018-01-0158.
  6. Miwa, T., Inasaki, I., Yukawa, I. (1999). Blade wear and wafer chipping in dicing processes. Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C, Vol. 65(630), pp. 801-806, doi: 10.1299/kikaic.65.801.
  7. Yang, C.-L., Sheu, S.-H., Yu, K.-T. (2009). The reliability analysis of a thin-edge blade wear in the glass fiber cutting process. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 209(4), pp. 1789-1795, doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.04.028.
  8. Freeman-Gibb, E., Johrendt, J., Tutunea-Fatan, O. R. (2018). The effect of backing profile on cutting blade wear during high volume production of carbon fiber-reinforced composites. SAE Technical Papers, doi: 10.4271/2018-01-0158.
  9. Xue, W., Gao, S., Duan, D., Zhang, J., Liu, Y., Li, S. (2017). Ti6Al4V blade wear behavior during high-speed rubbing with NiAl-hBN abradable seal coating. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, Vol. 26(3), pp. 539-553, doi: 10.1007/s11666-016-0511-8.
  10. Kragelsky, I. V., Dobychin, M. N., Kombalov, V. S. (1977). Fundamentals of Calculations for Friction and Wear. Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 526 pp.
  11. De Laurentis, N., Kadiric, A., Lugt, P., Cann, P. (2016). The influence of bearing grease composition on friction in rolling/sliding concentrated contacts. Tribology International, Vol. 94, pp. 624-632, doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2015.10.012.
  12. Ostafiev, V. A. (1979). Calculation of the Dynamic Strength of the Cutting Tool. Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 169 pp.

Full Text