Potential of Date-Seed/Snail Shells as a Carburizer for Enhanced Mechanical Properties of Mild-Steel

Author(s): Kolawole M. Y.1, Awoyemi E. A.1, Abiona O. M.2

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kwara State University, PMB 1530, Ilorin, Nigeria;
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Osun State College of Technology, Esa Oke, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 8, Issue 2 (2021)

Submitted: July 13, 2021
Accepted for publication: November 8, 2021
Available online: November 12, 2021

Kolawole, M. Y., Awoyemi E.A., Abiona, O. M. (2021). Potentials of date-seed/snail shells as a carburizer for enhanced mechanical properties of mild-steel. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 8(2), pp. C1-C6, doi: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(2).c1

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2021.8(2).c1

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Materials Science

Abstract. The suitability of date-seed/snail shells as a carburizer for enhanced mechanical properties of mild-steel using the packed carburization technique was investigated in this work. Standard tensile, impact and hardness test samples prepared from mild-steel were subjected to pack-carburization process using mixtures of date-seed and snail shell in the ratio 60:40 respectively at 800, 900, and 1 000 °C for 3 hours. The carburized samples were quenched in water at room temperature and further tempered at 300 °C for 30 minutes for residual stress relief of the quenching effect. The mechanical properties and optical microstructure of carburized specimen were performed. Results indicated an enhanced mechanical property of the carburized mild-steel using date-steel/snail shell as a carburizer compared to un-carburized same steel material. The tensile strength and hardness increased with increasing carburizing temperature, though with an associated decrease in ductility. The peak hardness (32.82 HRB) and tensile strength (521 MPa) with equivalent 31.28 and 51.45 percentage increments respectively were obtained at carburizing temperature of 1 000 °C. Hence, using date-seed/snail shell powder as a carburizer can enhance the mechanical properties of mild-steel.

Keywords: carburization, mild-steel, mechanical properties, date-seed, snail shell.


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