Regeneration of Chromate Galvanic Solutions in Membrane Electrochemical Devices | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Regeneration of Chromate Galvanic Solutions in Membrane Electrochemical Devices

Author(s): Serdiuk V.1,2*, Sklabinskyi V.1, Bolshanina S.1, Ochowiak M.3, Radchenko A.1, Babenko O.2, Kharchenko Y.2

1 Sumy State University, 2, Rymskogo-Korsakova St., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine;
2 Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko, 87, Romenska St., 40002 Sumy, Ukraine;
3 Poznan University of Technology, 5, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Sq., 60-965 Poznan, Poland

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 9, Issue 2 (2022)

Submitted: October 27, 2022
Accepted for publication: December 4, 2022
Available online: December 7, 2022


Serdiuk V., Sklabinskyi V., Bolshanina S., Ochowiak M., Radchenko A., Babenko O., Kharchenko Y. (2022). Regeneration of chromate galvanic solutions in membrane electrochemical devices. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 9(2), pp. F37-F42, doi: 10.21272/jes.2022.9(2).f3

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2022.9(2).f3

Research Area:  CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Processes in Machines and Devices

Abstract. The regeneration processes of industry technological passivating baths of electrochemical cadmium lines and electrochemical galvanizing lines as an applied result of two-chamber membrane cation-exchange electrochemical devices researched. Actual industrial passivation baths of cadmium and zinc galvanic coatings applied as anode chambers. The cathode chamber contained sulfuric acid 1 % solution and a titanium cathode (BT-0). A window was cut in one of the walls with a RALEX®CM-PES 11-66 cation exchange membrane placed in it. The lead (С-0) was used as the anode. A comparative analysis of the performance of these technological baths before and after the using cation exchange membrane electrochemical devices was carried out. As a result of long-term experimental studies, the ecological and economic feasibility of their use was proven.

Keywords: electrolysis, environmental hazard, reagent, energy efficiency, pollutant tax.


  1. Bohm, L., Jankhah, S., Tihon, J., Berruber, P., Kraumel, M. (2014). Application of the electrodiffusion method to measure wall shear stress: Integrating theory and practice. Chemical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 37(6), pp. 938–950.
  2. Hasnat, M., Alam, M., Karim, M., Rashed, M., Machida, M. (2011). Divergent catalytic behaviors of Pt and Pd films in the cathode of a sandwiched type membrane reactor. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 107(3-4), pp. 294-301.
  3. Jegadeesan, G., Mondal, K., Lalvani, S. (2005). Iron removal and simultaneous regeneration of hexavalent chromium in spent plating solutions. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 152(2), pp. D26-D33.
  4. Kruglikov, S. (2009). Removal of metal cations from chromate-based solutions by membrane electrolysis. Metal Finishing, Vol. 107(11), pp. 13-15.
  5. Nebavskaya, K. A., Sarapulova, V. V., Sabbatovskiy, K. G., Sobolev, V. D., Pismenskaya, N. D., Nekrasova, N. E., Nevmyatullina, Kh. A., Kharin, P. A.,  Kruglikova, E. S. (2016). Application of a two-chamber immersion electrochemical module for increasing the stability of a lead anode in aggressive media. Electroplating and Surface Treatment, Vol. 24(1), 22.
  6. Robbins, B., Field, R., Kolaczkowski, S., Lockett, A. (1996). Rationalisation of the relationship between proton leakage and water flux through anion exchange membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 118(1), pp. 101-110.
  7. Serdiuk, V. O., Sklavbinskyi, V. I., Bolshanina, S. B., Ivchenko, V. D., Qasim, M. N., Zaytseva, K. O. (2018). Membrane processes during the regeneration of galvanic solution. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 5(2), pp. F1-F6, DOI: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(2).f1.
  8. Serdiuk, V., Sklabinskyi, V., Bolshanina, S., Ableyev, A., Dychenko, T. (2020). Prevention of hydrosphere contamination with electroplating solutions through electromembrane processes of regeneration. Journal of Ecological Engineering. Vol. 21(4), pp. 61-69, DOI: 10.12911/22998993/119801.
  9. Serdiuk, V., Sklabinskyi. V., Bolshanina, S., Ableyev, A., Dychenko, T. (2020). Effect of hydrodynamic parameters on membrane electrolysis enhancement. In: Ivanov V., Pavlenko I., Liaposhchenko O., Machado J., Edl M. (eds) Advances in Design, Simulation and Manufacturing III. DSMIE 2020. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50491-5_22.
  10. Serdiuk, V., Zaytseva, K., Sklabinsky, V., Ivchenko, V., Ponomarova, L. (2018). Laboratory and industrial testing of membrane electrochemical devices for purification and regeneration of chromium containing galvanic solutions. In: Membrane and Sorption Materials and Technologies: Present and Future, Dzyazko Yu. S., Plisko T. V., Chaban M. O. (eds.), pp. 40-45.
  11. Xing, Y., Chen, X., Wang, D. (2007). Electrically regenerated ion exchange for removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 41(4), pp. 1439-1443.
  12. Ye, Z., Yin, X., Chen, L., He, X., Lin, Z., Liu, C., Ning, S., Wang, X., Wei, Y. (2019). An integrated process for removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from electroplating wastewater by ion exchange and reduction–precipitation based on a silica-supported pyridine resin. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 236, 117631,

Full Text

© 2014-2024 Sumy State University
"Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights are reserved by SumDU