Research of Mechanical Properties of Thermite Material on the Basis of Steel Dross | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Research of Mechanical Properties of Thermite Material on the Basis of Steel Dross

Author(s): Rud V., Saviuk I., Samchuk L.*, Povstyana Y.

Affilation(s): Lutsk National Technical University, 75 Lvivska St., 43018, Lutsk, Ukraine

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 5; Issue 1 (2018)

Paper received: February 22, 2018
The final version of the paper received: April 1, 2018
Paper accepted online: May 6, 2018

Rud, V., Saviuk, I., Samchuk, L., Povstyana, Y. (2018). Research of mechanical properties of thermite material on the basis of steel dross. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 5(1), pp. C6-C10, doi: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(1).c2

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2018.5(1).c2

Research Area: MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Materials Science

Abstract. Important direction in the development of technologies for the recycling of wastes of industrial productions is inclination on the use energy saving technologies. The article deals with general aspects of methods of utilization of industrial wastes by methods of powder metallurgy. One of the same methods, which is highly effective and technologically, is the method of utilization of dross by using it as the main component of exothermic mixtures. On the basis of experimental research composition of exothermic charge based on the scale of steel was developed and proposed that can be used for surfacing the details of responsible designation. The choice of main and alloying components of charge was conducted on the analysis of literature data and the calculation of the required chemical characteristics of the material. According to the chemical composition, the termite material can be attributed to qualitative structural steels. Important characteristic of this material is the lack of content of harm fulimpurities, such as sulfur and phosphorus. Research of mechanical properties showed that material has a high resilient deformationon a compression and durability. The analysis of diagram deformation allows to assert that plastic decomposition prevails upon the destruction of the material. The hardness of material at different depths of sampling is different, which indictates the impact of the technological parameters of combustion of exothermic mixtures on the properties of the material. Investigation of impact strength showed that the change in the temperature of the test does not significantly affect its change, which indictates the suitability of the developed termite steel for the surfacing of parts working under reverse friction and shock loads.

Keywords: exothermic mixture, dross, SVS, aluminothermy, material, mechanical description.


  1. Kripak, S. (2006). Improvement of technological processes of preparation of metallurgical raw materials for the purpose of utilization of oiled rolling mill. Abstract of the dissertation for the degree of a candidate of technical sciences, Dnipropetrovsk.
  2. Aksenova, L., & Khlebenskykh, L. (2014). Utilization of waste enterprises of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy in the building industry. Technical sciences in Russia and abroad, Materials of 3rd International Scientific Conference, Moscow, pp. 106–108.
  3. Valuev, D., & Hyzatulyn, R. (2012). Technology and processing of metallurgical waste. Yurginsky Technological Institute. Publishing house of Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk.
  4. Rud, V., & Halchuk, T. (2011). Modeling of shredding process of steel powders of ВВS 15, obtained from waste from machine-building production in ball mills. Bulletin of the National Technical University “KhPI”, Series”Chemistry, chemical technology and ecology”, Kharkiv, No. 50, pp. 121–126.
  5. Halchuk, T. (2013). The structure and properties of a steel powder BBS 15 is recovered in water. Scientific notes, Vol. 41(2), pp. 23–27.
  6. Halchuk, T. (2012). Improved technological scheme of processing sludge waste mechanical engineering. Bulletin of the Khmelnytsky National University, Vol. 4, pp. 26–30.
  7. Mohylatenko, V., Chaikovskyi, O., Khasan, O., Lytvynets, Ye., Sas, A., & Olshevskyi, V. (2011). Use of termite mixture for melting FХ025. Bulletin of the Donbas Machine-Building Academy, No. 4(25), pp. 122–126.
  8. Dobrovolskyi, I., Starykova, N., Volkova, M., & Rymariv, P. (2011). Promising technologies for processing metallurgical scale. Development of the technical heritage. Polzunovsky Almanac, No. 2, pp. 137–139.
  9. Lebedieva, O., Butyhin, V., & Stepenenko, N. (2008). The use of industrial waste to produce porous composite ceramic materials with high-temperature synthesis in the Fe2O3-Al2O3-Al system. Polzunovsky almanac, No. 3, pp. 107–108.
  10. Povstiana, Yu., Saviuk, , Samchuk,L., & Zubovetska, N. (2016). Preparation of porous metalloceramic materials using waste mechanical engineering in the mode of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Journal of Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 6–12.
  11. Stetsenko, V. (2011). Metal thermal processing of shavings of aluminum alloys, scale and blast furnace. Casting and metallurgy, No. 3(62), pp. 176–177.
  12. Myronenko, О., & Dytynenko, T. (2014). Improvement of the technology of utilization of scale at LLC “Lozovsky Kuznechno-Mechanical Plant”. Physical and computer technologies: Proceedings of the 19th International. Scientific and Practical Conference, pp. 170–177.
  13. Zhyhuts, Yu. (2012). Technology of obtaining termite shipbuilding steels. Bulletin of the Donbas Machine-Building Academy, No. 3(28), pp. 283–283.
  14. Zhu, C.-G., Wang H.-Z., & Min, L. (2014). Ignition temperatur e of magnesium powder and pyrotechnic composition. Journal of Energetic Materials, No. 32, pp. 219–226.
  15. Novak, P., et al. (2013). On the formation of intermetallics in Fe–Al system. Intermetallics, including complex structural and functional alloys, Vol. 32, pp. 127–136.
  16. Sapchenko, , Zhylin, S., Komarov, O., & Abashkin, E. (2012). Properties of the weld obtained from the final charge. Academic notes of Komsomolsk-on-Amur State Technical University, No. І-1(9), pp. 100–105.
  17. Berezhnoi, S., Brindarov, B., & Harbuz, A. (1997). Termite composition. Patent of Russia, No. 2134185.
  18. Dudenko, P., & Holovyna, N. (1989). Composition of the thermal mixture. Patent of the USSR, No. 16111651.
  19. Chiharev, V., Zarechenskyi, D., & Belik, A. (2007). Features of melting powdered tapes with exothermic mixtures in the filler. Automatic welding, No. 2, pp. 53–55 (2007).
  20. Saviuk, (2017). Construction of a matrix model for optimizing the charge composition of an exothermic charge. Scientific notes, Vol. 60, pp. 206–211.
  21. Privalov, N., Shein, A., & Ivashchenko, A. (2014). Material science. Technological processes, Volgograd.

Full Text

© 2014-2024 Sumy State University
"Journal of Engineering Sciences"
ISSN 2312-2498 (Print), ISSN 2414-9381 (Online).
All rights are reserved by SumDU