Effect of Sodium Chloride on Corrosion Inhibition Efficiency of Polyethylene Coatings on Alloy Steel at Ambient Temperature | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Effect of Sodium Chloride on Corrosion Inhibition Efficiency of Polyethylene Coatings on Alloy Steel at Ambient Temperature

Author(s): Anyanwu K. O.1, Ogu I. S.1, Nzei H. O.2

Affiliation(s):
1 Department of Materials and Metallurgical, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria;
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s Address: kings.onyekaa2016@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 1 (2020)

Dates:
Paper received: January 31, 2020
The final version of the paper received: June 5, 2020
Paper accepted online: June 19, 2020

Citation:
Anyanwu K. O., Ogu I. S., Nzei H. O. (2020). Effect of sodium chloride on corrosion inhibition efficiency of polyethylene coatings on alloy steel at ambient temperature. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(1), pp. C9–C13, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).c2

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(1).c2

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Materials Science

Abstract. An investigation was conducted on the effect of sodium chloride concentration on corrosion inhibition efficiency of High-Density Polyethylene (HDP) coating on alloy steel in sodium chloride solutions of different degrees of salinity. In the study, four test media were used: the first is 20 l of distilled water in a rectangular base plastic container; the second is 20 l of distilled water in a rectangular base plastic container in which 200 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) was dissolved entirely, giving a concentration of 10 g/l (0.01 g/cm²). Similarly, the third medium is 20litres of distilled water in which 300 g of NaCl was dissolved entirely, having 15 g/l (0.015 g/cm²) concentration. The fourth medium is prepared by dissolving 400 g of NaCl in 20litres of distilled water, resulting in 20 g/l (0.02 g/cm²) concentration. The container used for each medium is a rectangular base plastic container. Twenty-eight (28) uncoated and twenty-eight (28) polyethylene-coated alloy steel coupons of dimension 5×30×50 mm with an 8 mm diameter hole each were used for this investigation. Seven coated coupons each were wholly immersed in 10, 15, and 20 g/l, and zero salinity distilled water. Similarly, seven uncoated coupons each were immersed entirely in 10, 15, and 20 g/l and zero salinity distilled water. The coupons in various test media were exposed to ambient temperature for a total of 49 days. One coupon from each of the media is reweighed on weekly bases and the weight loss (g), corrosion rate (mm/year), and corrosion inhibition efficiency were calculated and recorded. From the results obtained, the corrosion rate of the coupons increases with an increase in sodium chloride solution. It is also observed from the results obtained considering the variation of corrosion rates of polyethylene coated coupons with sodium chloride concentration and the variation of corrosion rates of uncoated coupons with sodium chloride concentration that the corrosion rate of the coupons is lesser with the polyethylene coating compared with the uncoated coupons. The results show that the corrosion rate of coupons falls over time, and more rapidly at an early time of exposure, say the first week. From the result of the variation of corrosion inhibition efficiencies of polyethylene coated coupons with sodium chloride concentration, it is observed that the corrosion inhibition efficiency of polyethylene decreases over time and decrease also with an increase in sodium chloride concentration.

Keywords: alloy steel, coating, corrosion inhibition, high-density polyethylene, sodium chloride.

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