Modeling of the Floating of Non-metallic Inclusions when Pouring Steel into a Mold in Top Casting | Journal of Engineering Sciences

Modeling of the Floating of Non-metallic Inclusions when Pouring Steel into a Mold in Top Casting

Author(s): Andriukhin R. P.1, Mamuzic I.2, Molchanov L. S.3, Synehin Y. V.1*

Affiliation(s): 
1 National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, 4, Gagarina Ave., 49600 Dnipro, Ukraine;
2 University of Zagreb, 14, Trg Republike Hrvatske, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
3 Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy named after Z. I. Nekrasov of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 1, Academica Starodubova St., 49050 Dnipro, Ukraine

*Corresponding Author’s Address: sinegin.ev@gmail.com

Issue: Volume 7, Issue 2 (2020)

Dates:
Paper received: September 9, 2020
The final version of the paper received: December 1, 2020
Paper accepted online: December 6, 2020

Citation:
Andriukhin R. P., Mamuzic I., Molchanov L. S., Synehin Y. V. (2020). Modeling of the floating of non-metallic inclusions when pouring steel into a mold in top casting. Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 7(2), pp. C22–C26, doi: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).c4

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2020.7(2).c4

Research Area:  MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING: Materials Science

Abstract. It is described in the paper the physical modeling of the metal flows pattern and the floating of non-metallic inclusions in the mold when pouring steel in top casting. The study of the effect of the speed and direction of metal flows in the mold on the time of floating up of nonmetallic inclusions is very important for finishing alloying and modification of steel in the mold during casting. The purpose of this study was to substantiate the similarity numbers for physical modeling of this process and determine their influence on the surfacing time and the determination of the rational casting method for the final alloying steel from the point of view of NMI removal and the mode of additives. In the course of the literature analysis, it was found that the movement of flows during steel casting can be described by the Reynolds, Froude, and Weber numbers, but their simultaneous compliance is impossible. Since no substantiation of the insignificant influence of the Weber number, in contrast to the Reynolds number, was found in early studies, the authors developed a technique, assembled an experimental facility, and carried out physical modeling. The results of physical modeling confirm the Weber number’s self-similarity in the range from 104.75 to 105.5. According to the results of this study, the insignificant effect of the Weber number on floating up non-metallic inclusions when filling the mold in top casting was confirmed. It was found that the removal of deoxidation products occurs faster in top casting, and the time for their removal is significantly reduced with an increase in the liquid level in the mold at the time of additives.

Keywords: final alloying, self-similarity, Weber number, steel top casting.

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