Utilization of Plastic Waste in Reinforcing Sandy Soil for Sustainable Engineering Applications

Author(s): Suthar L., Meena S.*, Kumar U.

Affiliation(s): Department of Civil Engineering, MBM University, Air Force Area, Jodhpur, 342011 Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 11, Issue 1 (2024)

Submitted: August 2, 2023
Received in revised form: November 2, 2023
Accepted for publication: December 11, 2023
Available online: January 4, 2024

Suthar L., Meena S., Kumar U. (2024). Utilization of plastic waste in reinforcing sandy soil for sustainable engineering applications. Journal of Engineering Sciences (Ukraine), Vol. 11(1), pp. H1–H8. https://doi.org/10.21272/jes.2024.11(1).h1

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2024.11(1).h1

Research Area:  Environmental Protection

Abstract. Large quantities of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic are discarded into the environment during production, application, and disposal. Although current clean-up strategies aim to mitigate the adverse impacts of PET pollution, efforts struggle to keep up with the escalating amount of PET waste. This accumulation of PET waste poses significant threats to ecosystems worldwide. One recycling method for PET plastic waste involves its utilization in soil reinforcement applications within civil engineering. By incorporating PET plastic waste to reinforce poor-quality sands, sustainable construction practices can be promoted in civil engineering infrastructures, addressing multiple aspects of sustainability, including engineering, economic, social, and environmental considerations. The experimental work conducted in this research involved sieve analysis, proctor compaction test, California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test, and direct shear box test. The sand was reinforced with varying percentages of PET plastic waste flakes, namely 5, 10, and 15 %, with respect to the weight of the soil sample taken for the test, and laboratory tests were performed on the samples. Including PET plastic flakes enhanced various soil properties, such as shear strength and friction angle. It also improved the CBR value of the composite, making it suitable for pavement construction. The reduction in dry density further supports the application of the composite in lightweight structures. In conclusion, the geotechnical material obtained from the soil-PET plastic waste composite can be utilized in various geotechnical projects, including landfills and slope stabilization.

Keywords: polyethylene terephthalate, plastic waste, soil reinforced, sustainable construction.


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