Prediction Ability Analysis of Phenomenological Strength Criteria for Composites

Author(s): Huang T.

Affiliation(s): National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, 37, Peremohy Ave., 03056 Kyiv, Ukraine

*Corresponding Author’s Address: [email protected]

Issue: Volume 11, Issue 1 (2024)

Submitted: October 4, 2023
Received in revised form: February 12, 2024
Accepted for publication: March 7, 2024
Available online: March 18, 2024

Huang T. (2024). Prediction ability analysis of phenomenological strength criteria for composites. Journal of Engineering Sciences (Ukraine), Vol. 11(1), pp. D54–D65.

DOI: 10.21272/jes.2024.11(1).d7

Research Area: Dynamics and Strength of Machines

Abstract. The article examines and assesses the phenomenological strength theory of composite materials. A comparative analysis of the theoretical envelopes was conducted for each criterion. A unified form of the phenomenological strength criterion was established. The study specifically examined the effects of altering the interaction parameter on the Tsai-Wu criterion’s theoretical envelope. Based on the available experimental data, the study plotted the failure envelopes of each strength criterion under planar composite stress states. The variation of these envelopes across various stress quadrants was highlighted. As a result of the examinations, four typical phenomenological strength criteria were chosen. The composites’ off-axis tensile and biaxial loading test data were used to evaluate the predictive power objectively. The results showed that not all stress states’ test results agreed with the predictions of the phenomenological strength theory. The criterion proposed by Norris and Tsai-Hill performed better at accounting for the material’s different compressive and tensile characteristics. The other criteria tended to be conservative under particular circumstances. Simultaneously, the Hoffman criterion matched the test data more closely over a broader range of stress states. Overall, this study clarified the limitations and applicability of various strength criteria in composite material strength prediction.

Keywords: composite materials, tensile compression test, failure envelope, strength prediction.


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